Creating Svg Files With Python: A Comprehensive Guide For Beginners

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In this day and age, when almost everything we do is digitized, having a good understanding of Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an absolute must. SVG files are widely used in web development, design, and animation. And although they’re a bit more complex than other image file formats, they’re much more versatile and powerful. In this comprehensive guide on how to create SVG files with Python, you’ll learn the basics of SVG and how you can use Python to create them.

What is SVG?

SVG is an open standard for vector graphics developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Unlike other image file formats like PNG and JPG, which store the image in a pixel format, SVG stores the image in a vector format. This means that, unlike other image formats, SVG can be scaled infinitely without losing any quality, as the image is composed of mathematical shapes and lines.

When creating a SVG file, you have the flexibility to edit and modify it with any vector graphic editor. This allows for a wide range of creative possibilities that aren’t available with other image file formats. Additionally, SVG files are supported by most modern web browsers, so they can be used in web pages and applications.

Why Create SVG Files with Python?

Python is a great choice for creating SVG files because it’s easy to use and understand. Additionally, it has a wide range of libraries and tools that make it easy to create and manipulate SVG files. Some of the most popular libraries for creating and manipulating SVG files with Python are svgwrite, svgutils, and svg-path-builder.

These libraries make it easy to create SVG files from scratch, as well as modify existing SVG files. This makes it easy to create complex and dynamic graphics for webpages and applications. Additionally, Python makes it easy to automate the creation of SVG files, which is especially useful for creating visualizations or animations.

Creating SVG Files from Scratch

The easiest way to create an SVG file from scratch is to use the svgwrite library. This library makes it easy to create and manipulate SVG elements, such as lines, shapes, and text. It also provides tools to manipulate the SVG elements, such as scaling, rotating, and translating.

To create an SVG file with the svgwrite library, you need to first create a Drawing object. This object holds all of your SVG elements and provides a few useful methods for manipulating them. Then, you can create the SVG elements and add them to the Drawing object. Finally, you can save the Drawing object as an SVG file.

Manipulating Existing SVG Files

The svgutils library makes it easy to manipulate existing SVG files. This library provides tools to parse and modify existing SVG files, as well as create new ones. With this library, you can easily add, remove, move, and resize SVG elements in an existing SVG file.

Additionally, this library provides the ability to combine multiple SVG files into one. This is useful for creating complex graphics, such as charts and graphs, or for creating animations. Finally, you can save the modified SVG file as a new file or overwrite the existing one.


Creating SVG files with Python is a great way to create powerful and versatile graphics for webpages and applications. With the svgwrite and svgutils libraries, you can easily create stunning SVG graphics from scratch, as well as manipulate existing SVG files. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced user, Python makes it easy to create and manipulate SVG files.